広い範囲で雪 (swath) [ニュースと英語]

日本では週末にかけて各地で雪となった。欧米では先月から大雪のニュースが伝えられている。そうした英文記事でよく目にするのが a swath of... という表現である。


- A cold snap hit Tokyo and its surrounding areas Saturday, causing cancellations of more than 100 domestic flights to and from the capital.

The Meteorological Agency said up to 5 cm of snow was expected to fall in central Tokyo by 6 a.m. Sunday due to a cold air mass above a wide swath of the country’s east.
("Cold snap and snow hit Tokyo and surrounding areas, disrupting some flights" The Japan Times Feb. 9, 2019)



- A blast of Arctic air from the polar vortex brought dangerous, bone-chilling cold to a wide swath of the United States on Tuesday, stretching from the Dakotas through Maine, with snow expected as far south as Alabama and Georgia.
("Polar vortex freezes U.S. Midwest with snow, dangerously cold air" Reuters Jan. 29, 2019)

上記の例では a swath of の後に地域が続いているが、雪や雨を続けることもできる。

- While one storm may deliver a swath of snow or wintry mix from the lower Midwest states to the Northeast and mid-Atlantic Thursday into Friday, concern is growing for a more significant winter storm to follow on its heels from Friday into the new weekend.
("Eastern, central US to face more winter storms, polar plunge after calmer first half of this week" AccuWeather Jan. 14, 2019)

- Monday will probably be much better. Tuesday could even have the heavy snow area warming above freezing, improving roads dramatically.
There will also be a 50 mile wide swath of freezing rain and ice accumulation with this storm.
("Major winter storm: Track and trend on who may get clobbered" mLive, Jan. 17, 2019)

英語圏の辞書にある定義や例文を見てみよう。幅よりも長さに焦点を当てた言葉のようだ。また比喩ということだろうか、土地や天候以外にも使えることがわかる。swathe という綴りもあるが、こちらは /sweɪð/ あるいは /swɑːð / で、swath の /swɑθ/, /swɔθ/ と似て非なる発音になる。

- 1 a large area of land, usually longer than it is wide
2 a large number of people or things or a large area of something
The disease killed huge swaths of the population.
(Collins English Dictionary)

- a long strip or large area especially of land:
Huge swathes of rainforest are being cleared for farming and mining.
literary a large part of something that includes several different things:
These people represent a broad/wide swathe of public opinion.
(Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

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